SPECIFIC TYPES OF COPYRIGHT

The several different types of works, which can be protected under the Copyright law, are divided into the following categories:

  1. Type TX - This type consists of non-dramatic literary works, both factual and fictional. Included are such works as poems, novels, essays, newspapers, magazine and interviews. Computer programs are also included in this category. Lectures and speeches are included in this category if they are first published in text form. When applications to register a computer program are filed, they must include two hard copies of the program. If the hard copies are over 50 pages then the first 25 pages and the last 25 pages can be filed. As of this date, the Copyright Office does not receive discs as copies of the program.
  2. Type FA - This category includes works prepared for performance before an audience or through transmission of such medium such as television or radio. This includes works such as plays, motion pictures, pantomimes, choreographic works, and televised newscasts and other shows.
  3. Type VA - This category includes works of visual arts such as photographs, art reproductions, maps, globes, charts, graphic label and advertisements, technical drawings, circuit diagrams, blueprints, models, software, and circuit board layouts. The design of a useful article is included in this class only if and only to the extent that the design incorporated features, which exist separately and independently from the useful aspects of the article. This is the most common copyright filing and is used for architectural drawings.
  4. Type SR - This category includes sound recordings of the spoken word, music, or other sounds. Speeches and lectures are included here if first published as recordings rather than as text. The audio portion of an audio-visual work is considered to be an integral part of the work and is therefore included in type PA above.